Do you agree that the problem has been solved adequately? There are two sides of the problem of evil which are the logical and evidential argument.
But what is a defense? Many philosophers think so. Natural Selection and the Problem of Evil Great Debate by Paul Draper In this chapter, Paul Draper appeals to natural selection in order to show that the failure of many humans and animals to flourish is strong evidence against the existence of an omnipotent, omniscient, and morally perfect God.
In particular, can it be established by means of a purely deductive argument? To show that the first premise is plausible, subsequent versions tend to expand on it, such as this modern example:  God exists. The larger is how anyone can go to heaven. Kant : ; Trakakis Finally, rather than attacking the argument itself, one might instead argue that, while it is sound, the conclusion is not really a significant one.
Underlying this approach are two general ideas: the first is that both induction via instantial generalization and inference to the best explanation abduction, the method of hypothesis, hypothetico-deductive method stand in need of justification; the second idea is that at the heart of such a justification will be the defense of an account of logical probability.
The criticism that arises from this feature centers on statement 3which asserts that an omniscient and morally perfect being would prevent the existence of any states of affairs that are intrinsically bad or undesirable, and whose prevention he could achieve without either allowing an equal or greater evil, or preventing an equal or greater good.
Evidential problem of evil[ edit ] William L.